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List of British Prime Ministers

Image of William Pitt (the Elder), 1st Earl of Chatham for a post providing the list of British Prime Ministers throughout history.
Willim Pitt (the Elder), one of the elder, one of
the most highly regarded PMs on the list of British Prime Ministers

Welcome to our list of British Prime Ministers throughout history!

These are the leaders who have shaped the political landscape of the United Kingdom for over 300 years.

From Sir Robert Walpole to Boris Johnson, we’ll explore their years in office, party affiliations, and constituencies served, providing you with a clear snapshot of British political history.

Join us as we uncover the faces behind the governance of the UK!

List of British PMs Throughout History

Image of the first UK PM, Robert Walpole, for a post providing a list of British Prime Ministers throughout history.
Portrait of Robert Walpole, considered the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Check out my post, British Icon: 10 Interesting Facts About Winston Churchill for more on one of the most well-known PMs in British history!

Image of the Palace of Westminster (aka Parliament) for an article providing a list of British Prime Ministers.
The Palace of Westminster, home of the UK parliament, at dusk

FAQs: List of British Prime Ministers

1. Who was the longest serving Prime Minister of Great Britain?

The longest-serving Prime Minister of Great Britain was Sir Robert Walpole.

He held the position for a remarkable 21 years, from 1721 to 1742.

Walpole was a prominent figure in British politics during the early 18th century and is often considered the first de facto Prime Minister.

As the leader of the Whig Party, he played a crucial role in shaping government policies and strategies.

His lengthy tenure allowed him to implement significant reforms and establish a stable political environment, earning him the distinction of being the longest-serving Prime Minister in British history.

2. Who held the title of the youngest Prime Minister in Great Britain’s history?

The youngest Prime Minister in Great Britain’s history was William Pitt the Younger.

He assumed office at the age of 24 in 1783, making him the youngest individual to hold the position.

Despite his youth, Pitt the Younger was a highly capable and influential leader.

He served as Prime Minister for a total of two terms, leaving a significant impact on British politics and governance during his tenure.

3. What is the relationship between the Prime Minister and the Monarch in the United Kingdom?

In the United Kingdom, the relationship between the Prime Minister and the Kings and Queens of Great Britain is defined by tradition and the constitution.

The Monarch, as the head of state, performs ceremonial duties and has a role in the government based on tradition.

The Prime Minister, as the head of government, runs the country and makes policy decisions.

While the Monarch has the right to be consulted, to encourage, and to warn, the Prime Minister holds the power to govern.

This relationship embodies the balance between ceremonial leadership and political authority.

References: List of British Prime Ministers

“British Prime Ministers | History Today.” Www.historytoday.com, www.historytoday.com/archive/british_prime_ministers. Accessed 13 Feb. 2024.

Gov.UK. “Past Prime Ministers.” Www.gov.uk, 2022, www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers.

Gov.uk. “History of Baroness Margaret Thatcher – GOV.UK.” Www.gov.uk, 2019, www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/margaret-thatcher.

“History of Sir Robert Walpole – GOV.UK.” Www.gov.uk, 2019, www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/robert-walpole.

“History of William Pitt “the Elder”, 1st Earl of Chatham – GOV.UK.” Www.gov.uk, www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/william-pitt-1st-earl-of-chatham.

“List of Prime Ministers of Great Britain and the U.K. | Names | Britannica.” Encyclopædia Britannica, 2019, www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-prime-ministers-of-Great-Britain-and-the-United-Kingdom-1800350.

“Prime Ministers of Great Britain.” Historic UK, www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/Prime-Ministers-of-Britain/.

University of Oxford. “British Prime Ministers | University of Oxford.” Www.ox.ac.uk, 2023, www.ox.ac.uk/about/oxford-people/british-prime-ministers.

“William Pitt, the Elder | Prime Minister of United Kingdom | Britannica.” Encyclopædia Britannica, 2020, www.britannica.com/biography/William-Pitt-the-Elder.

“Winston Churchill – Quotes, Paintings & Death.” Biography, 22 Jan. 2021, www.biography.com/political-figures/winston-churchill.